What are RAMS in construction?


What are RAMS in construction?


When it comes to construction projects, some many documents and procedures must be adhered to to maintain safety and compliance.

One such important document is the RAMS. RAMS stands for Risk Assessment and Method Statement. 

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on RAMS in construction. We will provide you with all the necessary information on why RAMS are crucial for the success of any project. Let’s get started!


What is RAMS?

RAMS represent two of the health and safety documents needed in construction. These are the Risk Assessments and Method Statements. 

RAMS stands for Risk-Assessment-Method-Statement. It would help if you had them easily retrievable and up to date to protect your workers and your business. 


Understanding the Purpose of Rams in Construction Projects

RAMS documents are vital in identifying potential hazards and risks associated with a construction project. 

They outline the steps that need to be taken to mitigate these risks and ensure the safety of workers and the general public. 

Your risk assessment and method statement will proactively address potential issues and prevent accidents from occurring.


What Are RAMS Used for in Construction?

RAMS documents are used in construction projects to assess and manage risks effectively. They provide a systematic approach to identifying hazards, evaluating risks, and implementing control measures. 

Clients, contractors, and regulatory authorities require these documents to ensure the project is carried out safely and competently.


What Are the Examples of Risk Assessment Models?


Using a risk assessment model provides a structured approach to identifying hazards, assessing the likelihood and severity of risks, and implementing control measures.

Various risk assessment models can be used to create RAMS documents. 

Some commonly used models include

  • Decision tree
  • HSE Five Steps to Risk Assessment
  • The Bowtie Method
  • Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)


Which Businesses Use RAMS?


RAMS documents are used in various sectors, including residential construction, commercial construction, civil engineering, and infrastructure development. 

Whether a small-scale renovation or a large-scale construction project, RAMS documents ensure safety and compliance.


The Benefits of Using RAMS Documents

Using RAMS documents in construction projects offers several benefits. 


Protects workers

RAMS protects the health and safety of workers and the general public by identifying and mitigating potential risks. 


Reduces accidents and incidents

Reducing the likelihood of accidents and incidents helps save on costly delays and legal consequences. 


Enhances Reputation

RAMS demonstrates a commitment to safety and compliance. It enhances a company’s reputation and increases its chances of winning future projects.


Supports safe decision making

For quick decisions without management approval, workers can search the documents for safe decision-making when time is of the essence. 


Prevent misunderstandings

Avoid misunderstanding and mistakes with step-by-step guidance in RAMS, further reducing accidents and injuries. 


Productivity and efficiency improvement

No hesitation or experimental approaches to working are necessary when there’s a straightforward guide like RAMS for workers to follow. 


Reduces the likelihood of fines and legal penalties

Contractors frequently face fines and legal consequences due to poor risk management practices. However, companies that implement RAMS can significantly reduce such incidents.


Legal Requirements for Rams in Construction

RAMS documents are not required by law. (Here in the UK) 


However, according to hse.gov.uk, employers must make health and safety assessments covering the risks to employees and others on construction sites. If more than five people are, employed, these must be recorded. 

According to the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, the minimum required for a company is to:


  • Identify the hazard (what can cause injury or illness) 
  • Conclude the risk (how likely someone can get harmed and how serious)
  • Take appropriate action on how to eliminate the hazard or control the risk. 


Who is responsible for writing RAMS?

Employers are responsible for writing all RAMS documents. 

Critical Components of a RAMS Document

A comprehensive RAMS document consists of several vital components. These include:

  • Project Information: 

This section details the construction project’s location, duration, and scope.

  • Risk Assessment: 

The risk assessments highlight the potential hazards associated with the project and assess the risks they pose.

  • Control Measures: 

Control measures identify the steps to control and mitigate the identified risks.

  • Method Statement: 

This section details the specific methods and procedures to carry out the project safely.

  • Emergency Procedures: 

The emergency procedures outline the actions to take in an emergency or incident.


How to Create a Comprehensive Ram Document


Creating a comprehensive RAMS document requires careful planning and attention to detail.

For an effective RAMS document:

Identify Hazards

Conduct a thorough site inspection to identify potential hazards and risks associated with the project.

Assess Risks 

Evaluate the likelihood and severity of the identified risks and prioritise them based on their potential impact.

Implement Control Measures

Determine control measures to mitigate the identified risks.

Develop Method Statement

Create a detailed method statement outlining the specific procedures and precautions.

Review and Update

Regularly review and update the RAMS document as the project progresses and new risks emerge.


When should RAMS be reviewed?


Review your RAMS documents regularly throughout the project.

However, the more practical advice is to review your RAMS at least once a year. 

As construction projects evolve, new risks may arise, and existing risks may change. 


Therefore, it is essential to review and update the RAMS document to ensure that it remains relevant and effective in managing the risks associated with the project.

Schedule a routine RAMS update in your calendar to ensure you stay current. 


Common Mistakes to Avoid When Creating RAMS

When creating RAMS documents, it is essential to avoid common mistakes that can compromise their effectiveness. Some common mistakes to avoid include:


Incomplete Risk Assessment

Failing to identify and assess all potential hazards associated with the project can lead to overlooked risks and potential accidents.


Generic Statements

Using generic statements instead of specific and detailed procedures can leave room for interpretation and clarity.


Lack of Training

Neglecting to provide adequate training to workers on the contents of the RAMS document can undermine its effectiveness.


Failure to Update

Failing to review and update the RAMS document as the project progresses can result in outdated and ineffective risk management.


Poor Communication

Communicate the contents of the RAMS document to all relevant parties to avoid misunderstandings and non-compliance.


Using a document management system for RAMS


An ideal way to avoid common mistakes when writing RAMS is to rely on a document management system. 


  • Create templates to re-use
  • Keep all your different document types in one place (e.g. Quotes, Proposals, RAMS, Contract) 
  • Your RAMS document can seamlessly integrate into your personalised workflow. For instance, it can follow your quote and precede the contract.
  • Interactive documents using E-signatures for professionalism and streamlining your processes
  • Automated creation and sending of documents
  • Sent documents have a tracking feature for monitoring opens and clicks

Read here for more information on how a document management system can help you.


Document management system examples


Training and Certification for RAM Compliance


To ensure compliance with RAMS requirements, provide appropriate training to all relevant personnel. 

For comprehensive training, the following topics must be included:

  • the importance of RAMS documents
  • how to create and review them 
  • how to implement the necessary control measures

Additionally, certification programs are available to help individuals develop the necessary skills and knowledge for RAMS compliance.


Conclusion: The Significance of RAMS in Construction Projects


To sum up, RAMS documents play a crucial role in every construction project.

They provide a systematic approach to identifying and managing risks, ensuring the safety of workers and the general public. 


Investing in RAMS compliance protects lives and enhances the reputation and success of construction businesses. 

To ensure a safe and successful outcome in your construction projects, it is essential to prioritize RAMS.


To learn how to create effective RAMS documents for construction, Find out more about DocFlite here. 


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